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Headache is a raised intracranial pressure in your scalp,it can be caused by different medical conditions.Migraine, anxiety, depression are also other variety of headache.

Categories of Headache

Several different headache types exist. Examples of these headache types include:

Tension headaches

A pressure migraine is by and large a diffuse,mild to direct torment in your head that’s frequently portrayed as feeling like a tight band around your head.Tension cerebral pains is like as pressure sort migraine.It is the most common form of headache and is most often found in younger women than men.Poor posture and stress are contributing factors.
However,Tension headaches typically start from several  minutes and last for many days.
⦁ Neck stiffness
⦁ Pain that is dull and aching
⦁ Scalp tenderness
⦁ Shoulder stiffness
⦁ Heavy pressure feelings cover the temple that may enlarge to the sides or back of the head

Cluster headaches

Cluster headaches are short time headaches as compared to others but extraordinarily painful. These are normally non-throbbing headaches that cause torturous, burning pain on one facet of the top or behind the eye.These headaches can last for extended periods of time, known as the cluster period.The cluster amount is often as long as six weeks.Nasal congestion or rhinorrhea (runny nose) and eyes issues most commonly symptoms in that type of headache.

Migraine headaches

A migraine is known as continual headaches that can lead acute to chronic condition.Normally it  affects on one side of head,usually rhythmical in nature, and last from some hours to many days.
⦁ A pulsating feeling in the head
⦁ Nausea & vomiting
⦁ Discomfort on one side of body
⦁ Sensitivity to sound and light
⦁ Severe, throbbing pain

Rebound headaches

After using too much medication for headache like migraine or other types of headache once you leave medicine, intense pain start and not managed without medicine.This is called rebound headache and it is uniform and its peak time is morning.Along with headache,there are some other symptoms of rebound headache which are given below:
⦁ Irritability
⦁ Nausea
⦁ Restlessness
⦁ Trouble remembering important details

Thunderclap headaches

A thunderclap headache is also head pain but short in length, nonetheless intense in nature.

Potential reasons of headache because of chronic condition

Headaches owing to Brain tumor (brain aneurysm)

Brain tumor and aneurysm can also lead to pain in head because extra tissue develop in brain causes pressure on other brain tissues and severe intense pain occur.

Headaches due to Meningitis

Sometime headache is experienced due to infection of membrane around skull and spinal cord.

Post-traumatic headache

After head injury patient feels vertigo headache nasal bleed due to trauma or road accident.This is called post traumatic headache.

Headaches due to Medication overuse

If a person take medication daily for headache and then quits after some time without any specific reason, it causes headache.

Sinus headaches is another type of headache because of sinuses inection.

Cervicogenic headaches is pain in head due to neck related issues.

Spinal headache is form of headache due to spinal problem.

Diagnosing headaches

A physical examination and detailed medical history is very important to diagnose headache and related disorder like family history psychiatric issues and social or medication related problems.There are a lot of diagnostic tests for headache which are given below:
⦁ Total blood count (CBC), a blood test that can appear signs of an infection
⦁ skull X-rays, an imaging test that gives complete pictures of the bones of the skull sinus X-rays, an imaging test which will be performed in the event that sinusitis is suspected
⦁ CT Brain which may be tired cases where stroke, injury, or blood clots on the brain are suspected
⦁ MRI Brain may be utilized for identifying brain tumors and diagnosing apprehensive framework clutters such as different sclerosis

Headache treatment

Treatment may depend on the cause of your stomach torment. You will require any of the taking after:

Medicines

Most headaches aren’t symptoms of serious medical conditions and can be successfully treated with over-the-counter medications, such as aspirin, acetaminophen (Tylenol), or ibuprofen (Advil).Consult your neurophysician for proper treatment,if headache is not relieved by medications.

Surgery

Sometime, brain disease are not treated by medications like brain space occupying lesion (SOL).Surgery is only option for that types of brain disease.That causes of headaches require surgical treatment. Below are some of them
⦁ Resection of brain tumor.
⦁ Removal of brain abscess.
⦁ Biopsy of abnormal brain tissue.
⦁ Resection of arteriovenous malformation (AVM)
⦁ Evacuation of hematoma (e.g. epidural, subdural, and intracerebral)

When and what doctor to check?

Headaches are generally not considered a symptom of a life-threatening illness.Post traumatic headache is alarming condition in which you should contact your doctor without any delay.
Neuro Physician and Neurosurgeon are specialists who treat brain diseases.Neurosurgeons perform the surgery. Neuro-physicians treat neuro-disease with medicines.Consultation with Neuro-physicians is must if given below symptoms are associated with severe headache.

⦁ Drowsiness
⦁ Facial numbness
⦁ Slurred speech
⦁ Fever
⦁ Vomiting
⦁ Numbness in upper or lower limb
⦁ Convulsions
⦁ Confusion

Specialist doctors for brain disorder like headache
Specialist doctors for brain disorder

Headache prevention

For the prevention of headaches, a healthy lifestyle and plenty of sleep are two key factors.Given below tips are mandatory for the precaution of headache.

⦁ Rest in a quiet, dark room.
⦁ Avoiding diet-related food triggers.
⦁ Massage and small amounts of caffeine.
⦁ Getting enough sleep.
⦁ Hot or cold compresses to your head or neck.
Exercising regularly

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